Nizam Sagar Dam is a large reservoir constructed across the Manjira River, a tributary of the Godavari River. This reservoir is constructed between Achampet and Banjapalle villages of the Nizamabad district in Telangana, India. It is located at about 144 km north-west of Hyderabad.
It is called as Nizam Sagar Major Irrigation Project, it is a major storage project for irrigation. Nizam Sagar is the landmark of Nizamabad. The second biggest irrigation project built over River Manjira. A hydro electric power station is also established near Hassanpally village of Nizamsagar Mandal.
NIZAM SAGAR DAM
The dam was constructed during the year 1923 to 1931, by the rulers of the erstwhile Hyderabad State, Mir Osman Ali Khan. It is made by making over 40 villages empty. It is one of the biggest in the world. Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru visited this place in early 1940s.
The Nizam Sagar dam is spread across the river for about 3 km with 14 feet wide motor able road over it. Nizam Sagar Project is the second irrigation scheme on Manjira river. The Nizam sagar project is a composite dam. The total length of earthen dam is 6340 meter with maximum height 47.72 meter. The length of masonry dam is 52.73 meter and maximum height is 48.0 meter. The command of the project is on the right bank of the river and main canal is 156 km long with head discharge capacity of 96.29 cumec.
This Project was originally considered for utilization of 58.00 TMC of water to irrigate 2,75,000 acres in Banswada, Bodhan, Nizamabad and Armoor Taluks of Nizamabad District. After reorganization of States in 1956, the Manjira basin got distributed among the three states, i.e., Maharashtra, Karnataka and Telangana. Water from the reservoir is the main source for drinking needs of the twin cities, Hyderabad/Secunderabad.
The original capacity of reservoir was 841.18 Mcum. However, during the hydrographic survey done in 1967 the storage capacity was found to have been reduced to 402.91 Mcum and further the storage capacity reduced to 362.40 Mcum. To restore the capacity, the FRL of the reservoir was increased by 1.37 meter in the year 1978 and Gross storage capacity increased to 504.10 Mcum.
Out of the total localized ayacut of 2,75,000 acres, 28,085 acres have come under submergence of Sreeramsagar Project, 8,296 acres have come in the command of Lakshmi canal and Kakatiya Canal of Sreeramsagar Project, and 7,260 acres ayacut has not been getting water since inception of Nizam Sagar Project. Thus, the settled ayacut of 2,75,000 acres has come down to 2,31,339 acres.
Nizam Sagar Dam is a best place to visit and enjoy, it spreads over 3 km and 14 feet wide motor able road which provides easy passage for small vehicles. The dam has beautiful flower gardens, which is a major tourist attraction. The garden located here, is under the supervision of the Nizam Sagar Project and includes a swimming pool and a guest house for visitors.
Boating facilities are also available at the location, which is also another tourist attraction for enjoying the calm and cool serene nature of the water.
Nizam Sagar dam is close to several interesting tourist locations. Medak, which is located at a distance of 100 km from the Nizam Sagar reservoir. The Medak Fort and the church are some of the prominent destinations for tourists to visit often from the Dam.
The tourists visit the project site mostly during the Monsoons. Tourists from Karnataka, Maharashtra state and Visitors from neighbouring districts like Medak, Karimnagar as well as Hyderabad also thrive to visit and enjoy the pleasant nature of the Nizam Sagar dam.
Accommodation and boarding facilities for visitors, are available nearby. There are guest houses and lodges present on the project site, which provides basic accommodation for the tourists. Nizam Sagar Dam is located at a distance of 55 km from Nizamabad, the tourists can avail their accommodations at Nizamabad and also at Sangareddy and Medak towns.
The Dam is located at 150 Km distance from Hyderabad, 203 Km distance from Warangal, 151 Km distance from Karimnagar, 75 Km distance from Nizamabad, 51 Km distance from Medak.
Buses are frequently available from Hyderabad to Nizamabad, from Nizamabad visitors can avail private vehicles to reach Nizam Sagar Dam and frequent bus facilities are also available from Medak. The nearest railway station is at district headquarters Nizamabad.